Christiania the Independent Borough

Christiania the Independent Borough

Mathias Mølgaard
Mathias Mølgaard
May 24, 2024

Christiania, also known as Freetown Christiania, is a self-proclaimed autonomous neighborhood in the Danish capital of Copenhagen. It was established in 1971 when a group of squatters and activists took over an abandoned military barracks in the Christianshavn district. Since then, Christiania has become famous for its alternative lifestyle, free-spirited atmosphere, and experimental approach to governance. Over the years, Christiania has faced a number of challenges and controversies. Here are some key events and developments that have shaped the history of this unique community:

The establishment of Christiania (1971)

Christiania was founded in 1971 when a group of squatters, activists, hippies and artists took over an abandoned military barracks in the Christianshavn district. The group was seeking an alternative to mainstream society and saw the empty barracks as an opportunity to create a new kind of community. They declared the area a "free zone" and established their own rules and norms focusing on freedom, creativity and community. The 26th of September 1971 is considered the official birthday of Christiania.

The Green Light District (1970s-1980s)

In the early years of Christiania, the community was known for its open drug trade. The area became known as the "Green Light District" because of the widespread sale of cannabis. Initially, the Danish government refrained from interfering with the drug trade in Christiania, as they believed that confining drug activity to one area would prevent it from spreading throughout society. However, in the 1980s, they began cracking down on drug use and sales in Christiania. In 1989 Christiania was legally allowed to persist as result of a vote in parliament.

Outside a home in Christiania
Colorful art painted on a building in Christiania
A wall with graffiti in Christiania
Cannabis plant
Side of a building with grafiti
A dolls head on a teddy bear on a spike

The Pusher Street Raid (2004)

One of the most significant events in Christiania's history was the 2004 raid on Pusher Street, the main thoroughfare for drug sales in the community. Hundreds of Danish police raided the area and arrested dozens of people. The raid sparked protests and clashes between police and residents, and it led to a renewed focus on the issue of drug use in Christiania.

The "Common Law" System (1970s-present)

From the beginning, Christiania has operated under its own set of rules and norms. The community has a system of "common law" that is based on consensus and collective decision-making. This system has allowed Christiania to govern itself and maintain a distinct identity, but it has also led to conflicts with the Danish government, which has sometimes sought to impose its own laws and regulations on the community.

The Legalization of Cannabis (2018)

In 2018, the Danish government passed a law that legalized the use of cannabis for medicinal purposes. This law had a significant impact on Christiania, which had long been a hub for cannabis culture. While the law did not legalize recreational use of cannabis, it did signal a shift in attitudes towards drug policy in Denmark.

Christiania remains a unique and vibrant community in Copenhagen, attracting visitors from all over the world who are curious about its alternative way of life. While it has faced many challenges over the years, Christiania has also shown a remarkable resilience and ability to adapt to changing circumstances. Whether it will continue to thrive in the years to come remains to be seen, but its place in Danish cultural history is already assured.

Learn more with a self-guided tour in Copenhagen...


Opening hours and directions

Openings hours for (updated today)
  • Monday: Closed
  • Tuesday: Closed
  • Wednesday: Closed
  • Thursday: Closed
  • Friday: Closed
  • Saturday: Closed
  • Sunday: Closed
Address: - directions
Website: official site

No items found.
No items found.

Learn more with a self-guided tour...

Learn more with a self-guided tour



Looking for something else in Copenhagen? We probably have a tour for you ...  

More tours in Copenhagen

More in Copenhagen